The National Stock Exchange of India Limited has genesis in the report of the High Powered Study Group on Establishment of New Stock Exchanges, which recommended promotion of a National Stock Exchange by financial institutions (FIs) to provide access to investors from all across the country on an equal footing. Based on the recommendations, NSE was promoted by leading Financial Institutions at the behest of the Government of India and was incorporated in November 1992 as a tax-paying company unlike other stock exchanges in the country.

On its recognition as a stock exchange under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956 in April 1993, NSE commenced operations in the Wholesale Debt Market (WDM) segment in June 1994. The Capital Market (Equities) segment commenced operations in November 1994 and operations in Derivatives segment commenced in June 2000.

The National Stock Exchange of India Ltd. is the largest stock exchange of the country. NSE is setting the agenda for change in the securities markets in India. The last 5 years have seen them play a major role in bringing investors from 363 cities and towns online, ensuring complete transparency, introducing financial guarantee of settlements, ensuring scientifically designed and professionally managed indices and by nurturing the dematerialisation effort across the country.

NSE is a complete capital market prime mover. Its wholly-owned subsidiaries, National Securities Clearing Corporation Ltd. (NSCCL) provides clearing and settlement of securities, India Index Services and Products Ltd. (IISL) provides indices and index services with a consulting and licensing agreement with Standard & Poor's (S&P), and NSE.IT Ltd. forms the technology strength that NSE works on.

Today, NSE is one of the largest exchanges in the world and still forging ahead. At NSE, personnel are constantly working towards creating a more transparent, vibrant & innovative capital market.

The National Securities Clearing Corporation Ltd. (NSCCL), a wholly owned subsidiary of NSE, was incorporated in August 1995. It was set up to bring and sustain confidence in clearing and settlement of securities; to promote and maintain, short and consistent settlement cycles; to provide counter-party risk guarantee, and to operate a tight risk containment system. NSCCL commenced clearing operations in April 1996.

NSCCL carries out the clearing and settlement of the trades executed in the Equities and Derivatives segments and operates Subsidiary General Ledger (SGL) for settlement of trades in government securities. It assumes the counter-party risk of each member and guarantees financial settlement. It also undertakes settlement of transactions on other stock exchanges like, the Over the Counter Exchange of India.

NSCCL has successfully brought about an up-gradation of the clearing and settlement procedures and has brought Indian financial markets in line with international markets.

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